Luxor – the famous tourist city which located in Upper Egypt, Luxor known as the world’s biggest and greatest open air museum, Luxor Governorate population about 230,000 and most of them are working in the tourism field beside working in the commerce and agriculture fields, Luxor in the most popular sightseeing in Egypt especially in winter.
Luxor really has been estimated to contains about a third of the monuments in the world that makes Luxor one of the most significant sightseeing on the earth Such as Karnak Temple, The Valley of the Queens, The Valley of the Kings, Luxor Temple, Temple of Hatshepsut and a lot of other famous sites, really not enough to spend a lot of days to visit everything in this beautiful city.
in past Luxor known as the city of Thebes, Luxor has a very important place in the ancient history of Egypt which cannot be denied, most of the Pharaonic kings take it as the religious capital, and this shown in contains the largest two temples in Egypt, Karnak Temple and Luxor Temple.
Temple of Karnak
Temple of Karnak was in continuously expanded by Amun-Ra and the successive kings of pharaohs, every one of them adding the tribute to god, the site time back to 11th Dynasty under the age of middle kingdom for Mentuhotep, but many of the sites can be viewed nowadays comes from the New Kingdom, other areas dedicated to Amun-Ra’ son (Khonsu) and his wife (Mut).
“Thebes” was not what the ancient Egyptians called it though most people know that Luxor was once Thebes. Ancient texts show that it was known as t-apt, meaning “the shrine”, with ancient of Greeks say it a tea pie. with the problems on the Arabs pronunciation it comes to be Thebes, the area submitted to desert, and the name vanished till the 10th century when the Arab Travelers comes there and saw the ruins of those largest building and start to call it as ” OKSOUR‘ which means “Palace” in English then slowly became LUXOR.
Although it has never acted as the capital of the united Egypt, it was the capital of Upper Egypt throughout the time when Egypt resorted to becoming divided into two areas, and that was during the time of Hyksos invasion till the age of Ahmose I who expel the Hyksos and make Egypt as one area.
by the River Nile Luxor is split into two locations, East Bank(the city of the living) and West Bank (the city of the dead) as known in the ancient times, and mean that the eastern area is the living area and the western area are the more desert area.
Luxor is located 670 Kilometers south of Cairo city, 220 Kilometers towards the northern of Aswan city, and 280 Kilometers towards the western of Hurghada city, Luxor is the 2nd most tourist destination to visit in Egypt after Cairo.
How can you go to Luxor?
The international airport of Luxor is situated 6 kilometers eastern the city of Luxor, and it can easy reach it through hundreds of international airlines travel there from all the world countries, although it is most favored for charter flights, and you fly easily from Luxor to the most other main airports in Egypt.
Luxor is located on the Cairo – Aswan Main railway, Luxor has a modern train station in “Al-Mahata” Square, you can easily take your train toward to Cairo or to Aswan, but as for the restriction on tourists nowadays, will allow only the sleeper train for tourists.
Luxor has a suitable Busses Stations connected with Cairo and other Main Cities in Egypt through suitable roads, but we advise tourists not to use this kind of transportation for trip to or from Luxor only we advise by flight or railways, except the way to Aswan because you will find a lot of sites in the way to visit such as KomOmbo&Edfu. You can reach Hurghada easily from Luxor just in 3.5 hours by bus, but as for journey by bus you have to check your seat at least 24 hours before your journey.
By the Nile Cruise
Now you can move between Luxor and Aswan in a Nile Cruise trip, during 3 nights or 4 nights sailing tour in the River Nile you can reach Luxor from Aswan and visit a lot of sightseeing in the way. Contact us for more information.